AyinBase with R' Paltiel Thursday 7 Adar II 5772
Page 65 – Just below the middle of the page (line starts, 'be-pnay-atzme...') For text, see link top right of the blog. Or for text right click here.
The discussion of the sage and the prophet is for the sake of addressing out topic. The important principle in learning Torah and Chassidus is to recall one central point, 'nothing exists except Hashem is making it'.
The sage sees not because, 'it makes sense to him', he sees because Hashem is saying, 'such and such'. Even adjudication of a monetary dispute, may be seen to be so convoluted that it will never come to judgement. It is all hypothetical, but chochmah sees that, 'it is possible to happen thus...' The Alte Rebbe says that, 'any possibility in the world is a G-dly creation and any adjudication is reflective of G-d's command. It is a search for 'what does He say regarding this case'. And when this is realized then the entire engagement is on a different level. And this is more so with navuah/prophesy, which is 'G-d's direct word to the prophet'.
Prophesy is a direct communication. It is sighting of the essence. G-d speaks through his mouth. Moses was the ultimate prophet and could see the Essence and bring Torah. Hashem speaks in all worlds and every prophet has his particular ability to receive directive.
This is what the Rebbe is explaining. That a chacham/sage is able to project with his wisdom, what Hashem says regarding this or that case, even though he's dealing with a physical, mundane reality. He rises up above the dispute to adjudicate the case. A secular court has no access to a means of adjudication. The jury is not qualified in law. The Beis Din looks to the halacha sourced in Torah to rule on a case. Prophesy is even more sourced above – it is 'what He says'. And the navuah/prophesy is reflective of his level of sagacity. They (prophesy and sagacity) have a mutual affect on each other.